News

Series of international law blogs on International Law and Armed Conflict through the month of September
11-September-2014

Throughout September, some of the participants to the Second Transatlantic Workshop on International Law and Armed Conflict are contributing to a series of blog posts focussing on specific topics that were addressed during the Workshop.

Three international law blogs, Intercross (the blog of the International Committee of the Red Cross), EJIL:Talk! (blog of the European Journal of International Law), and Lawfare, are coordinating the series, and hosting pieces arising from the workshop.

You can find the introductory post to the series, as well as the schedule of posts here.

Report on the 2nd Annual Transatlantic Workshop on International Law and Armed Conflict
29-August-2014

The Report on the Second Annual Transatlantic Workshop on International Law and Armed Conflict is now available and can be accessed here.

The Workshop engaged in detailed discussion of a range of issues relating to the law that applies in situations of armed conflict. It was co-convened by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), ELAC and the Human Rights Programme for Future Generations (HRFG) and took place 17-18 July at the University of Oxford.

UN report on the political and humanitarian context of the Syrian Crisis
20-August-2014

Hugo Slim, Lorenzo Trombetta and Anais Resseguier write a report on the political and humanitarian context of the Syrian Crisis for the Inter-Agency Humanitarian Evaluations Steering Group (IASC) and United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

The report was commissioned by the IASC as part of the Syria CALL Initiative. It is available on ALNAP Syria Evaluation Portal here.

Project on the Law Relating to Humanitarian Relief Operations in Armed Conflict
18-August-2014

On 10-11 July 2014, the Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict (ELAC), and the Oxford Martin Programme on Human Rights for Future Generations (HRFG), together with the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), convened a meeting of legal experts as part of a joint project aimed at bringing greater clarity to certain aspects of the law regulating relief operations in situations of armed conflict. The purpose of the meeting was to discuss a Guide to the Law Regulating Humanitarian Relief Operations in Armed Conflict being prepared by ELAC and HRFG for OCHA.

The meeting was the latest in a series of consultations convened by OCHA, ELAC and HRFG in the implementation of a mandate given to OCHA by the United Nations Secretary-General in his November 2013 report to the UN Security Council on the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict. Those consultations have largely taken place in meetings, held in Oxford, of legal experts drawn from United Nations agencies, NGOs, the ICRC, academics, the international judiciary, as well as those with experience in governments.

The Guide aims to present the rules of international law regulating humanitarian relief operations in situations of armed conflict, together with a commentary on those rules. It is intended to provide guidance to a variety of actors, including State and non-state parties to armed conflict, international and non-governmental organizations seeking to carry out relief operations, and the various relevant UN bodies, including the Security Council and General Assembly.

More details on the Project here.

Janina Dill on "Israel’s Use of Law and Warnings in Gaza" in Opinio Juris
04-August-2014

Janina Dill contributed a post on Opinion Juris in which she discusses Israel’s Use of Law and Warnings in Gaza.

Transatlantic Workshop on International Law and Armed Conflict, co-convened by the ICRC, ELAC and the Human Rights Programme
25-July-2014

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), ELAC and the Human Rights Programme for Future Generations (HRFG) co-convened the Second Annual Transatlantic Workshop on International Law and Armed Conflict at the University of Oxford. The Workshop gathered a group of legal scholars, experts and practitioners from the United States, Canada, Europe, and Israel to engage in detailed discussion of a range of issues relating to the law that applies in situations of armed conflict.

To read more about it, please see the ICRC mission in London's page, the blog Intercross from the ICRC delegation in the US, and the announcement by Dapo Akande on EJIL:Talk!

 

Hugo Slim on the protection of civilians in Gaza on Radio 4's Moral Maze
24-July-2014

Hugo Slim contributes to BBC discussion on the protection of civilians in the war in Gaza on Radio 4's programme, the Moral Maze.

Hugo Slim and Alex Bellamy on R2P and Humanitarian Action
10-July-2014

Hugo Slim and Alex Bellamy co-edit a special issue of the journal, Global Responsibility to Protect, on R2P and Humanitarian Action with contributions from Sir John Holmes, Stephen Hopgood, Oxfam, MSF and GPPI, plus ELAC's Alexander Leveringhaus and Urvashi Aneja. See the online edition here.

Hugo Slim and Anais Resseguier contribute to Australian Government evaluation of the 2011 Horn of Africa Crisis.
4-July-2014

The Australian Government has published the evaluation of Australia's contribution to the 2011 humanitarian response to the conflict and famine in the Horn of Africa. Report and Summary Briefs can be found here.

David Rodin on Ethics and War at the Carnegie Council Symposium
26-June-2014

David Rodin will give a lecture on "Ethics and War" at the Carnegie Council Symposium in Sarajevo on June 27 to mark the centenary of the assasination of Franz Ferdinand.

Hugo Slim chairs special meeting on business, violence and armed conflict at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) in London
17-June-2014

On June 17, a meeting co-hosted by the International Committee of the Red Cross, the Institute for Human Rights and Business (IHRB) and the FCO brought together speakers from ICRC, the FCO, Amnesty, Anglo-American and IHRB to discuss the progress of the UN Guiding Principles on Human Rights and Business, and the role of multi-stakeholder initiatives on business and conflict like the Voluntary Principles and the Kimberly Process.

Gilles Giacca's forthcoming book Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in Armed Conflict
10-June-2014

Gilles Giacca is pleased to announce his forthcoming book Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in Armed Conflict (Oct 2014)
Oxford Monographs in International Law, OUP. Publication planned for October 2014.

Janina Dill's forthcoming book Legitimate Targets?
16-May-2014

Janina Dill is pleased to announce her forthcoming book Legitimate Targets? International Law, Social Construction and US Bombing. Cambridge Studies in International Relations, CUP. Publication planned for October 2014.

Hugo Slim on Innovation in Humanitarian Action
14-May-2014

Hugo Slim contributes new essay on Innovation in Humanitarian Action for the Said Business School's Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship, encouraging entrepreneurs to team up with humanitarian agencies around 11 innovation challenges.

ELAC is pleased to announce Janina Dill and Hugo Slim's appointment as Associate Directors with the Institute
7-April-2014

We are pleased to announce that Dr Janina Dill, Departmental Lecturer in International Relations, and Dr Hugo Slim, Senior Research Fellow, have been appointed as Associate Directors with ELAC.

David Rodin represented ELAC at the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum in Davos
29-Jan-2014

David Rodin gave two presentations at Davos. One was a workshop on 'Leaders who divide and leaders who unite'. The second was a talk on the possibility of using online platforms for shared public deliberation on the permissibility of using force. Both presentations were well attended and generated considerable further discussion.
David published a blog reflecting on the contribution of philosophy to global fora like Davos in the Huffington Post.

Emanuela-Chiara Gillard (ELAC) is quoted in Time Magazine on humanitarian aid in Syria
15-Jan-2014

Emanuela-Chiara Gillard (ELAC, Senior Research Fellow) is quoted in Time Magazine's latest oped on humanitarian aid in Syria, "Syria's Humanitarian Disaster: How Aid Has Become a Weapon of War".

Hugo Slim on Business Actors in Armed Conflict
7-Jan-2014

Hugo Slim has published a new paper on "Business Actors in Armed Conflict: Towards a New Humanitarian Agenda" in the latest issue of the International Review of the Red Cross dedicated to the theme of Business, Violence and Conflict.

Hugo Slim and Anaïs Rességuier convened a conference on 'Humanitarian Workers: Personal Ethics, Psychology, and Lifestyle' as part of ELAC's continuing Humanitarian Ethics Project
19-Dec-2013

The inter-disciplinary conference involved philosophers, anthropologists, psychologists, sociologists and neuroscientists working on theoretical and practical aspects of compassion and humanitarian action, and took place on 17 December at St Catherine’s College, Oxford. European scholars from France, Switzerland, Germany, Holland, Italy and UK joined members of MSF, Oxfam, ICRC, British Red Cross and People in Aid, to engage in a discussion of the lived experience of humanitarian workers at the interface of psychology, ethics, and anthropology. The purpose of the event was to explore coherence and dissonance in humanitarian experiences at the individual and organizational level.

View the Conference Report here.

Hugo Slim and Emanuela-Chiara Gillard on the ethics and law of cross-border humanitarian operations
6-Dec-2013

Dr Hugo Slim and Emanuaela-Chiara Gillard, Senior Research Fellows at ELAC, have written on the ethics and law of cross-border humanitarian operations in the Humanitarian Practice Network, with a particular focus on the current situation in Syria.
"Ethical and legal perspectives on cross-border humanitarian operations"
, Humanitarian Exchange Magazine, Issue 59, November 2013.

Dr Gilles Giacca contributed to a new initiative on the legal analysis of armed conflicts: The War Report (OUP)
4-Dec-2013

Dr Gilles Giacca, Research Fellow and Programme Co-ordinator of the Oxford Martin School Programme on Human Rights for Future Generations contributed to The War Report: 2012 (OUP), which will be launched in Geneva on 10 December 2013. The volume, identifies and discusses all those situations of armed violence that amounted to armed conflicts according to criteria set out under international humanitarian and criminal law. The War Report lists a total of 37 armed conflicts on the territory of 24 states for 2012. The purpose of The War Report is to collect information in the public domain and provide legal analysis for governments, policy makers, the United Nations, academics, NGOs, and journalists. The War Report also identifies conflict-related deaths and injuries for each armed conflict, disaggregating categories whenever the data supports it.

The report finds that at least 37 armed conflicts took place in 24 states and territories in 2012, resulting in the direct loss of at least 95,000 lives and many hundreds of thousands of wounded. A significant proportion of casualties resulted from use of indiscriminate weapons in populated areas, and 2012 also saw the pervasive incidence of rape and other acts of sexual violence.

Hugo Slim Speaks at the Swiss Government's conference on the protection of civilians
2-Nov-2013

"Hugo Slim joined the Swiss Minister of Foreign Affairs and the President of the ICRC to address the Swiss Government's conference on the protection of civilians on October 17 in Berne. The conference celebrated the 150th anniversary of the ICRC and the launch of the Swiss Government's new policy on the protection of civilians. Hugo addressed the ethical and operational challenges in "The Limitations of Protection" in armed conflicts. See http://www.eda.admin.ch/eda/en/home/recent/actual/event.html

Dapo Akande Speaks at a UN Panel Discussion on Drones
1-Nov-2013

Last Friday, Dapo Akande spoke at a United Nations Panel Discussion on "Drones and the Law". The panel discussion was convened on the occasion of the submission of two reports to the United Nations General Assembly on the use of armed drones for targeted killings. The reports were submitted by the UN Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions and the UN Special Rapporteur on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights while Countering Terrorism. The panel discussion, which was moderated by the United Nations Assistant Secretary General on Human Rights, included the two UN Special Rapporteurs, Dapo, as well as representatives from Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch. A webcast of the panel discussion is available at http://webtv.un.org/watch/drones-and-the-law-panel-discussion/2769519359001/ Over the summer, Dapo and his graduate student, Lawrence Hill-Cawthorne, worked with the UN Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial Killings on the preparation of his report. They prepared a background paper on the topic and the Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict and the Oxford Martin Programme on Human Rights for Future Generations hosted an expert meeting attended by the two UN Special Rapporteurs and other experts in human rights and international humanitarian law. The report of the Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial Killings is available at  http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N13/473/63/PDF/N1347363.pdf?OpenElement

Dapo Akande appears with Attorney General on BBC Radio 4 Law in Action
22-Oct-2013

Dapo Akande was interviewed in the first programme of the current series of BBC Radio 4's Law in Action (from around 15 min mark) on a number of issues relating to the law of armed conflict. The programme featured an extended interview with the Attorney General Dominic Grieve and the second half of the programme was devoted to questions of international law. Dapo and the Attorney General commented on issues such as the threat to use force in Syria and the recent United States operation in Libya to capture a suspected Al Qaeda member.

Jennifer Welsh lecture at the Centre for International Governance Innovation
09-Oct-2013

Jennifer Welsh gave a lecture at the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) in Waterloo (ON), Canada, on The Evolution of the Responsibility to Protect: Securing Individuals in a World of States.

In this talk, she demonstrates that while recent years have seen significant moves to institutionalize R2P in both states and international organizations, there has also been continuing contestation over R2P's scope and meaning. Following the lecture, she is joined in discussion by David Welch, CIGI Chair of Global Security at BSIA.

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Syria and R2P - New briefing from The Asia Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect

16-Sept-2013

The Asia Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect has published a new briefing on Syria as part of the series 'R2P Ideas in Brief', co-authored by Professor Tim Dunne and Professor Alex Bellamy.

This discusses developments in the response by the international community to the Syrian conflict, arguments for and against the use of force, and the implications for the concept of the responsibility to protect.

You can read the full briefing here.

 

News from the Oxford Martin School