It is estimated that in 2019 nearly 132 million people will be in need of humanitarian assistance and protection, the majority because of the impact of conflict. ELAC’s work on humanitarian action aims to clarify and promote discussion on some of the key normative questions and challenges underpinning humanitarian response. It has included the elaboration of the Oxford Guidance on the Law relating to Humanitarian Relief Operations[EG1] in Situations of Armed Conflict, and convening of expert meetings on the tensions between sanctions and counter-terrorism measures, and on humanitarian actors’ engagement with accountability mechanisms[EG2] . This workstream has also analysed the legal framework regulating ‘safe areas’[EG3] , and the incidental harm side of proportionality assessments – both issues with direct impact for humanitarian action and the protection of civilians in conflict.
Future research will consider conflict-related food insecurity in the follow up of Security Council resolution 2417, and the law regulating sieges, blockades and other restrictions, with a focus on their impact on humanitarian relief operations.
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