Welcome to the Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict
The Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict (ELAC) is an interdisciplinary research programme that aims to strengthen law, norms and institutions to restrain, regulate and prevent armed conflict. Drawing on the disciplines of philosophy, law and international relations, ELAC seeks to develop a more sophisticated framework of rules and stronger forms of international authority relating to armed conflict. Research activity addresses all aspects of armed conflict, including the recourse to war, the conduct of war, and post-conflict governance, transition and reconstruction.Join our mailing list>>
Humanitarian Access in 21st Century Armed Conflict: Legal and Practical Lessons
17 October 2014, 1-2.30pm
Manor Road Building, Seminar Room G
As the first event this year in the seminar series “Axis of Protection: Human Rights in International Law” Emanuela Gillard will talk about violations of and controversies around the international law on humanitarian access. She will reflect in particular on the lessons and implications of the fact that in the ongoing civil war in Syria non-governmental and governmental organisations have systematically been prevented from delivering aid to the displaced population.
The Prospects of Forcible Alternatives to War in the Israel-Gaza Conflict
16 October 2014, 3-5pm
St Peter's College, Dorfman Centre
Dr Eliav Lieblich from the Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya will talk about the limitations of large-scale use of collective violence (war) as a tool for advancing a long-term calm between Israel and Palestinian armed groups in Gaza. He will discuss whether, and to what extent forcible alternatives to large-scale military operations, such as targeted killings, can bring better results. His lecture will be followed by a comment of Professor Dire Tladi from the University of Pretoria and a discussion with the audience.
Book Launch: Legitimate Targets? Social Construction, International Law and US
13 November 2014, 4.30-6.30pm
Manor Road Building, Seminar Room C
Dr Janina Dill will introduce her book recently published by Cambridge University Press as part of the series Cambridge Studies in International relations. Her talk will be followed by two comments of Dr Adam Bower and Dr Thomas Simpson and a discussion in the audience.
Book summary: Based on an innovative theory of international law, Janina Dill’s book investigates the effectiveness of international humanitarian law (IHL) in regulating the conduct of warfare. Through a comprehensive examination of the IHL defining a legitimate target of attack, Dill reveals a controversy among legal and military professionals about the ‘logic’ according to which belligerents ought to balance humanitarian and military imperatives: the logics of sufficiency or efficiency. Law prescribes the former, but increased recourse to international law in US air warfare has led to targeting in accordance with the logic of efficiency. The logic of sufficiency is morally less problematic, yet neither logic satisfies contemporary expectations of effective IHL or legitimate warfare. Those expectations demand that hostilities follow a logic of liability, which proves impracticable. This book proposes changes to international law, but concludes that according to widely shared normative beliefs, on the twenty-first-century battlefield there are no truly legitimate targets
Project on the Law Relating to Humanitarian Relief Operations in Armed Conflict
by ELAC, the Oxford Martin Programme on Human Rights for Future Generations
(HRFG), and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian